European Side-markers Effect on Traffic Safety

Paper #:
  • 1999-01-0091

Published:
  • 1999-03-01
Citation:
Roelfsema, A., Theeuwes, J., and Alferdinck, J., "European Side-markers Effect on Traffic Safety," SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-0091, 1999, https://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-0091.
Pages:
9
Abstract:
In 1993 new European legislation regarding side-markers for passenger cars became effective.Volvo requested the TNO-Human Factors Research Institute (HFRI) to investigate the possible safety benefit of this European side-markers configuration. A test panel at TNO- HFRI was used to determine the difference in response time and detection error of drivers, confronted with slides of vehicles with and without the mentioned new vehicle side-marker configuration in several visibility conditions, crossing illumination and different vehicle approach angles. The investigation showed a significant faster vehicle recognition with less detection errors in case the approaching car was equipped with the bright amber side-markers. This improved vehicle conspicuity can be a benefit in crash avoidance, especially when the driver approaches a crossing with complex light environment and reduced visibility.Allowing the bright amber European side-markers in US legislation could be the start of better crash avoidance worldwide.
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