Filtration Assessment and Thermal Effects on Aerodynamic Regeneration in Silicon Carbide and Cordierite Particulate Filters

Paper #:
  • 1999-01-0466

Published:
  • 1999-03-01
Citation:
Larsen, C., Levendis, Y., and Shimato, K., "Filtration Assessment and Thermal Effects on Aerodynamic Regeneration in Silicon Carbide and Cordierite Particulate Filters," SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-0466, 1999, https://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-0466.
Pages:
12
Abstract:
This work determined the suitability of two silicon carbide (SiC) monoliths (one regular and one coated with a micromembrane), as well as a coated cordierite monolith for use as aerodynamically regenerated particulate filters for diesel engines. These ceramic honeycomb monoliths were tested for their filtration efficiency, their post filtration particulate size distribution and their ability to be aerodynamically regenerated at pre-selected operating temperatures (200, 300 and 400°C). Through combined laboratory and field testing, the uncoated silicon carbide filter produced the most satisfactory results in all of these tests. This filter resulted in excellent regeneration characteristics while maintaining the highest filtration efficiencies at all particle sized tested. All filters were found to clean effectively at all temperatures. However, upon normalization with the volumetric flow rate through the monolith, it was found that the filters were most thoroughly cleaned at 400°C. These high temperatures enhance the volumetric flow rate, increasing the fuel consumption of the engine, thus operation at the lowest temperature tested (200°C) if possible, is recommended.
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