This paper deals with the steering system with conventional round steering-wheel from the view point of Steer-by-Wire system design. Steering gear ratio and control force characteristics are selected as interface variables of the steering system. The concept of ideal steering gear ratio which is derived on the basis of mapping of steering wheel angle and vehicle path angle is proposed to determine steering gear ratio. Simulator experiments are conducted to investigate the effects of interface variables on system and driver’s control performance. Validity of proposed ideal steering gear ratio would be confirmed. Candidates for objective task performance measure to define desirable control force characteristics would be determined from the test results.