Alaweih, A. and DiSante, P., "Technology Transfer: an Enabler for Army Transformation," SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-1377, 2003, doi:10.4271/2003-01-1377.
Partnerships through Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA) have resulted in transferring technologies from industry to military and vice versa. The Army promotes the transfer of technology and expertise to the private sector, allowing this technology to be exploited for improving U.S. competitiveness and accelerating the Army's transformation. One mechanism for transfer is the CRADA. Since their creation in 1986, CRADAs have resulted in cost savings and development of key technologies for government and industry. Savings realized through technology transfer over the last ten years have been over $13,000,000; CRADAs have played a significant role in these savings.