Tweed, J., Wilson, J., Tripathi, R., Miller, J. et al., "Shielding Transmission Validation with Solid State Detectors," SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-2331, 2003, doi:10.4271/2003-01-2331.
As shielding materials are developed for protection against the hazards of galactic cosmic rays, it is desirable to develop a protocol for rapid assessment of shielding properties. Solid state energy loss detectors are often used to estimate the charge and energy of particles in ion beam experiments. The direct measurement is energy deposited in the detector. As a means of separating the charge components in typical shield transmission studies with observation, a stack of many such detectors is used. With high-energy beams and thin targets, surviving primaries and fragments emerging from the target have nearly-equal velocities and deposited energy scales with the square of the charge, simplifying the data analysis. The development of a transport model for the shield and detector arrangement and evaluation of prediction of the energy loss spectrum for direct comparison with the experimentally derived data allows a rapid assessment of the shield transmission characteristics. Such a model has recently been developed and is validated herein by comparison with results from particle beam experiments.