Li, L., Liu, Z., Wang, H., Deng, B. et al., "Development of a Gas-Phase LPG Injection System for a Small SI Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-3260, 2003, doi:10.4271/2003-01-3260.
This paper presents the development of an electronic control LPG gas injection system and its application in a small SI engine. The tests results show that the developed LPG gas injection system can meet the needs for the goal of high engine power output and low exhaust emissions based on the engine bench tests. With the LPG electronic gas injection system, the air-fuel ratio can be optimized based on the requirements and CO and NOx emission levels are decreased significantly compared with the LPG mechanical mixer fuel supply system, based on the same HC emission levels. With the new gas phase LPG electronic control injection system, the HC emission level is controlled below the 300 ppm under most engine conditions and under 200 ppm when the engine speed is over 3000 r/min. The NOx emission level is under 2600 ppm in the whole range of engine operation conditions and is decreased by 2000 ppm compared with the LPG mechanical mixer system. The CO emission level is controlled under 3.5%, nearly a 40% percent reduction with the LPG mechanical mixer system. The LPG electronic control gas injection system for a small engine brings us a chance to develop super low emission LPG motorcycles and power plants.