Palmqvist, A., Jobson, E., Andersson, L., Granbro, R. et al., "LOTUS: A Co-operation for Low Temperature Urea-Based Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx," SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-1294, 2004, doi:10.4271/2004-01-1294.
The European research co-operation Lotus is presented. The main objectives of the project were i) to show the potential for a urea-based SCR system to comply with the EU standard of years 2005 and 2008 for heavy-duty Diesel engines for different driving conditions with optimal fuel consumption, ii) to reach 95 % conversion of NOx at steady state at full load on a Euro III engine, iii) to reach 75 % NOx reduction for exhaust temperatures between 200-300°C, and 85 % average NOx reduction between 200-500°C. The energy content of the consumed urea should not exceed 1.0 %, calculated as specific fuel consumption. These targets were met in May 2003 and the Lotus SCR system fulfilled the Euro V NOx legislative objectives for year 2008.