Mosbach, S., Kraft, M., Bhave, A., Mauss, F. et al., "Simulating a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine Fuelled with a DEE/EtOH Blend," SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-1362, 2006, doi:10.4271/2006-01-1362.
We numerically simulate a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine fuelled with a blend of ethanol and diethyl ether by means of a stochastic reactor model (SRM). A 1D CFD code is employed to calculate gas flow through the engine, whilst the SRM accounts for combustion and convective heat transfer. The results of our simulations are compared to experimental measurements obtained using a Caterpillar CAT3401 single-cylinder diesel engine modified for HCCI operation. We consider emissions of CO, CO₂ and unburnt hydrocarbons as functions of the crank angle at 50% heat release. In addition, we establish the dependence of ignition timing, combustion duration, and emissions on the mixture ratio of the two fuel components. Good qualitative agreement is found between our computations and the available experimental data. The performed numerical simulations predict that the addition of diethyl ether to ethanol neither spreads out the combustion nor lowers light-off temperatures significantly, both in accordance with experimental observations.