Baglione, M., Duty, M., and Pannone, G., "Vehicle System Energy Analysis Methodology and Tool for Determining Vehicle Subsystem Energy Supply and Demand," SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-0398, 2007, doi:10.4271/2007-01-0398.
A greater understanding of where fuel energy is being demanded from a vehicle system standpoint is necessary for developing more fuel efficient vehicles. This paper presents an overview of the development and application of a vehicle energy analysis methodology and a MATLAB®/Simulink® based tool that uses empirical data and first principles to identify vehicle subsystem energy supply and demand. An accurate analysis requires the tool to be populated with chassis dynamometer drive cycle data as well as vehicle and component information. The tool can be used to investigate vehicle system energy requirements, prevailing fuel economy factors, and incremental hypothetical fuel saving scenarios that could not otherwise be measured due to inherent test-to-test variability.