Wang, D. and Basch, R., "Effects of Braking on Suspension Loads in Potholes," SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-1647, 2007, doi:10.4271/2007-01-1647.
Braking has a strong effect on a vehicle's front suspension loads when the vehicle is driven over a pothole. The suspension loads of a vehicle braking while going over a pothole are also affected by vehicle design, vehicle weight and speed. In this study a simplified suspension model is presented, which is then validated by the simulation of a vehicle model. The simplified suspension model provides an efficient approach to evaluate effects of braking on wheel rebound into potholes, which determines the magnitude of impact loads when the tires hit the pothole edge. The vehicle model is used not only to validate the simplified suspension model, but also to provide the information of wheel center loads in addition to the wheel position and velocity. The analysis using the vehicle model agrees with pothole test results. The study reveals how vehicle braking affects the wheel center longitudinal forces during the pothole impact. The study also shows the effects of vehicle speed, front corner weight, and suspension stiffness.