Surampudi, B. and Wendel, G., "Control System Development for Retrofit Automated Manual Transmissions," SAE Technical Paper 2009-28-0001, 2009, doi:10.4271/2009-28-0001.
For transmission suppliers tooled primarily for producing manual transmissions, retrofitting a manual transmission with actuators and a controller is business viable. It offers a low cost convenience for the consumer without losing fuel economy when compared to torque converter type automatics. For heavy duty truck fleets even the estimated 3% gain in fuel economy that the Automated Manual Transmission (AMT) offers over the manual transmission can result in lower operational costs. This paper provides a case study using a light duty transmission retrofitted with electric actuation for gears and the clutch. A high level description of the control algorithms and hardware is included. Clutch control is the most significant component of the AMT controller and it is addressed in detail during operations such as vehicle launch from rest, launch from coast and launch on grades. Actuator motion control is designed to accomplish gear changes in minimum time along with engine torque management to avoid torque surges or let downs. Performance of the control system is presented with vehicle data from a test track.