Watanabe, K., Ito, S., and Tsurushima, T., "A New Quasi-Dimensional Combustion Model Applicable to Direct Injection Gasoline Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-0544, 2010, doi:10.4271/2010-01-0544.
Gasoline engines employ various mechanisms for improvement of fuel consumption and reduction of exhaust emissions to deal with environmental problems. Direct fuel injection is one such technology. This paper presents a new quasi-dimensional combustion model applicable to direct injection gasoline engine. The Model consists of author's original in-cylinder turbulence and mixture homogeneity sub model suitable for direct fuel injection conditions. Model validation results exhibit good agreement with experimental and 3D CFD data at steady state and transient operating conditions.