The Lambert-Beer's coefficient K was measured in a wide range of temperatures (400-1200K) and pressures (2-8.2 MPa) in this paper. Based on the measured MAP of K and principle of energy conservation in the sprays mass and transfer, a quantitative presentation of equivalence ratio and temperature in vapor phase sprays at diesel engine like conditions was put forward. The experimental range of temperatures was 800-1100K and 20-100 kg/m₃ for density. It was found that the maximum equivalence ratio of vapor phase spray remained fairly constant at about 3.0 and the maximum equivalence ratio appearance earlier as the ambient density increased, while the ambient temperature in the constant volume vessel was set at 800K. The maximum equivalence ratio of vapor phase spray increased from about 3.0 to about 3.7 as ambient temperature increased from 800 to 1100K. The spray structure (including distribution of equivalence ratio of vapor phase spray, spray penetrations of liquid and vapor phase, etc.) of diesel spray was studied near ignition timing at full load diesel engine like conditions in this paper.