Yue, X., Bao, X., Huang, X., Hao, J. et al., "Lean Oxygen Gum Simulation Test for Gasoline Detergency and its Correlation with M111 Engine Test," SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-2134, 2010, doi:10.4271/2010-01-2134.
Gasoline detergency is related to deposits at various parts of the engine and therefore has impact on vehicle driveability and emission properties. The widely used engine tests such as CEC F-20 M111 and ASTM D6201 Ford 2.3L tests take tens of hours and thus are very expensive and time consuming to carry out.A new simulation test for gasoline detergency on intake valve cleanliness using lean-oxygen gum method was developed and the correlation of test results with M111 engine test was studied. Gasoline samples with different detergency levels were tested with both the lean-oxygen gum method and the M111 engine test. Test results of 24 gasoline samples show satisfactory correlation between the lean-oxygen gum method and the M111 engine test (R₂=0.7258).