Shao, H., Plaatje, A., and Meffert, M., "Proof-of-Principle Investigation into the Use of Custom Rapid Aging Procedures to Evaluate and Demonstrate Catalyst Durability," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 3(2):963-981, 2010, doi:10.4271/2010-01-2269.
The application of accelerated catalyst aging procedures on an engine dynamometer test bed for the purpose of demonstrating catalyst durability is examined. A proof-of-principle approach is followed using catalysts from vehicles certified to U.S. Tier 2 Bin 4 and California SULEV 2 levels. Accelerated durability demonstration methods based upon conventional fuel cut cycles were employed to age catalysts to levels predicted by quantification of thermal catalyst bed severity on the Standard Road Cycle (SRC) relative to the fuel cut aging cycle using the Bench Aging Time (BAT) equation. Emissions deterioration on the accelerated aging cycle is compared to the automobile manufacturers' certification values and to whole vehicle emissions performance results from several different in-use vehicle fleets. The influence of technology on whole vehicle emissions levels and deterioration characteristics is also evaluated. Statistical analysis and modeling results support the conclusion that both catalyst and vehicle technologies play significant roles in achieving improved emission performance.