Finite Element Model for Spot Welds Using Multi-Point Constraints and its Dynamic Characteristics

Paper #:
  • 2011-01-1697

Published:
  • 2011-05-17
Citation:
Kuratani, F., Matsubara, K., and Yamauchi, T., "Finite Element Model for Spot Welds Using Multi-Point Constraints and its Dynamic Characteristics," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars – Mech. Syst. 4(2):1311-1319, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-1697.
Pages:
9
Abstract:
In this paper, we focus on the ACM2 (Area Contact Model 2) model as a simplified spot weld model suitable for vibration analysis and reveal its dynamic characteristics. First, the theoretical background of the multi-point constraint (MPC) used in the ACM2 model is explained. Next, we examine in detail the effect of the mesh pattern surrounding a spot weld on the modal properties (natural frequency and mode shape) of a spot welded structure. Finally, an appropriate mesh size in the area of the spot weld for the ACM2 model is presented. As an example, we used two steel plates joined by three spot welds.The results show that the configuration and size of the patch (group of shell elements in the ACM2 model) significantly affect the modal properties of the model. When the centers of the patch and the solid element that represent the spot weld are coincident, the natural frequencies monotonically increase with the patch size. When the centers of the patch and the solid element are not coincident and the shell element size is large, the natural frequencies vary widely. When the patch is composed of shell elements whose size is the same or smaller than the solid element size determined by the spot weld diameter, the variation in the natural frequency is small.
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