Experimental Investigation of a Diesel Engine Operating on Natural Gas / Diesel Dual-Fuel Mode

Paper #:
  • 2011-36-0351

Published:
  • 2011-10-04
Citation:
Eg\ausquiza, J., Braga, S., and Braga, C., "Experimental Investigation of a Diesel Engine Operating on Natural Gas / Diesel Dual-Fuel Mode," SAE Technical Paper 2011-36-0351, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-36-0351.
Pages:
12
Abstract:
A four-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine was operated with natural gas and pilot diesel fuel ignition over a wide range of load and speed. The influences of different diesel-gas substitution ratios and air restrictions were evaluated regarding the characteristic parameters of combustion, performance and emissions. Based on data from the pressure-crank angle diagram, it was possible to evaluate some combustion characteristics such as the start of combustion, the maximum rate of pressure rise and the peak pressure. The parameters of the engine performance and emissions were analyzed through the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), unburned hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOX). The results show that the increase of substitution ratio increase the maximum rate of pressure rise and the peak pressure at higher loads, but decrease at lower loads. With the air restriction, decrease the peak pressure. The results also show that the substitution ratio and air restriction dominate the performance and pollutant emissions of a dual-fuel engine. With the increase of substitution ratio, BSFC and emissions of HC and CO were increased, while NOX was decreased. Only at higher loads the BSFC was slightly reduced with the increase of natural gas mass in cylinder. With the air restriction, BSFC, HC and CO were decreased, while NOX was increased.
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