Wu, G., Shi, W., Liu, W., and Chen, Z., "Optimization of Bus Body Based on Vehicle Interior Vibration," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-0221, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0221.
In order to solve the abnormal vibration of a light bus, order tracking analysis of finite element simulation and road test was made to identify the vibration source, finding that the rotation angular frequency of the wheels and the first two natural frequency of the body structure overlaps, resonance occurring which lead to increased vibration. To stagger the first two natural frequency and excitation frequency of the body, thickness of sheet metal and skeleton of the body-in-white were chosen as the design variables, rise of the first two natural frequency of the body-in-white as the optimization objective, optimal design and sensitivity analysis of the body-in-white was carried out with the modal analysis theory. Combining with the modal sensitivity and mass sensitivity of sheet metal and skeleton, the optimum design was achieved and tests analysis was conducted. Comparing the test results before and after optimization, the effectiveness and rationality of the optimization is verified.