Bullough, J. and Skinner, N., "Vehicle Lighting and Modern Roundabouts: Implications for Pedestrian Safety," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 5(1):195-198, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0268.
Modern roundabout facilities are increasing in number throughout North America and the world. Appropriate vehicle lighting, including the application of intelligent headlighting systems, might help support safe, efficient driving behavior while navigating through these new intersection types. We present the results of a field study conducted to compare different vehicle lighting systems in terms of drivers' ability to detect and identify pedestrian activity, under different amounts of illumination from fixed outdoor lighting systems. The results are compared to analytical predictions of visibility using a validated visual performance model.