Intersection Management using Vehicular Networks

Paper #:
  • 2012-01-0292

Published:
  • 2012-04-16
DOI:
  • 10.4271/2012-01-0292
Citation:
Azimi, R., Bhatia, G., Rajkumar, R., and Mudalige, P., "Intersection Management using Vehicular Networks," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-0292, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0292.
Abstract:

Driving through intersections can be potentially dangerous because nearly 23 percent of the total automotive related fatalities and almost 1 million injury-causing crashes occur at or within intersections every year [1]. The impact of traffic intersections on trip delays also leads to waste of human and natural resources. Our goal is to increase the safety and throughput of traffic intersections using co-operative driving.

In earlier work [2], we have proposed a family of vehicular network protocols, which use Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) and Wireless Access in Vehicular Environment (WAVE) technologies to manage a vehicle's movement at intersections Specifically, we have provided a collision detection algorithm at intersections (CDAI) to avoid potential crashes at or near intersections and improve safety. We have shown that vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications can be used to significantly decrease the trip delays introduced by traffic lights and stop signs. In this paper, we investigate the use of more realistic controller models and higher concurrency to improve V2V intersection protocols for autonomous driving at intersections. We quantify the throughput enhancements due to the use of V2V under various driving conditions, while maintaining safe passage through intersections.

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