Zhan, R., Li, M., and Shui, L., "Updating China Heavy-Duty On-Road Diesel Emission Regulations," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-0367, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0367.
With the rapid expansion of the automotive market in China, air quality in the major cities has become a severe concern. Great efforts have been made in introducing new emission regulations; however, fuel and lubricant qualities, emissions aftertreatment system durability and in-use compliance to the emissions regulations still require significant improvement. China follows the European Union (EU) emission regulations in general, but different levels of standards exist. This paper gives a comprehensive overview of the current and near-future heavy-duty diesel emission regulations, as well as fuel and lubricant specifications.