Eriksson, L., Lindell, T., Leufven, O., and Thomasson, A., "Scalable Component-Based Modeling for Optimizing Engines with Supercharging, E-Boost and Turbocompound Concepts," SAE Int. J. Engines 5(2):579-595, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0713.
Downsizing and turbocharging is a proven technology for fuel consumption reduction in vehicles. To further improve the performance, electrified components in the turbocharger arrangements have been proposed, and investigations have shown acceleration improvements, emission reductions, and further fuel conversion efficiency benefits.Simulation tools play an important role in the design process as the interplay between component selection, control strategy, system properties and constraints is very complex. Evaluations are performed with respect to BSFC map, fuel consumption in a drive cycle, acceleration performance, as well as many other aspects. A component-based engine and vehicle model is developed and evaluated to facilitate the process of assessing and optimizing the performance of e.g. engine, charging system, and electrical machine components.Considerations of the execution time and model fidelity have resulted in a choice of models in the mean value engine model family. The turbocharging and electrical system models have all been evaluated using experimental data from engine dynamometer tests and turbocharger gas stand measurements and other dedicated component measurements.