Ferrara, G., ferrari, L., Vichi, G., Lenzi, G. et al., "Acoustic Characterization of Automotive Mufflers - Part I: Test Rig Design and Evaluation of Acoustic Properties," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-0800, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0800.
In current automotive research, increasing attention is being paid to the design of mufflers due to the lower noise levels which have been established by the acoustic international standards. The traditional design approaches are no longer sufficient to meet the standards and more refined techniques are necessary.Within this context, a specific test rig was built at the Energy Engineering Department of the University of Florence to analyze the acoustic characteristics of both industrial mufflers and simplified models. In particular, the latter is commonly used to investigate in detail the physical phenomena connected to the acoustic response of these disposals and to calibrate numerical models. The test rig operates at ambient condition with no flow. Instead of the widely used Four Microphones Technique, the test rig was designed considering the Multi-Microphone Technique, which guarantees a wider reliable frequency range of analysis and lower errors in the evaluation of the acoustic properties of mufflers. In this paper the details of the criteria adopted in the design and the characterization of the test rig will be discussed in depth.