Tamura, Y., Takabayashi, M., Takeuchi, M., Ohtuka, N. et al., "Development and Characteristics of a Burner for Localized Fire Tests and an Evaluation of Those Fire Tests," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 5(2):992-1001, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0987.
We have developed a new propane burner that satisfies the requirements of localized fire test which was presented in SAE technical paper 2011-01-0251. This paper introduces the specifications of this burner and reports its characteristics as determined from various fire exposure tests that we conducted in order to gather data. These tests included temperature and heat flux distribution on cylinder surfaces, which would be useful for the design of automotive compressed fuel cylinders. Our fire exposure tests included localized and engulfing fire tests to compare TPRD activation time, cylinder burst pressure and other parameters between different flame configurations and tests to identify the effects of an automotive compressed fuel cylinder on localized fire test results.