MA, H., Xu, H., Schnier, T., Wang, J. et al., "A Real-Time Control Oriented HCCI Combustion Model in 4-Stroke HCCI/SI GDI Engine and Model-Based Fast Calibration Development," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1123, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1123.
For Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion, the auto-ignition process is very sensitive to in-cylinder conditions. This includes the change in in-cylinder temperature, the composition of chemical components and their concentrations. This sensitivity presents a major challenge for the accurate control of reliable and efficient HCCI combustion. This paper outlines our recent work: 1. a real-time control oriented gasoline-fueled HCCI combustion model and its implementation in Simulink with fixed step for the conversion into dSPACE Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulation purpose. 2. The development of model-based fast calibration for the best fuel efficiency and hydrocarbon emissions via evolutionary algorithm (EA).The model reported in this paper is able to run in real-time cycle-to-cycle under engine speeds below 4000rpm and with fixed simulation steps. This aims to achieve cycle-to-cycle performance calculation for Model based Predictive Control (MPC) and HIL simulation. With the aim of controlling the desired amount of trapped Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) from the previous cycle, the phase of the Intake Valves Opening (IVO) and Exhaust Valves Closing (EVC) are designed to vary in this model. The model is able to anticipate the auto-ignition timing, MFB, combustion duration, in-cylinder pressure and hydrocarbon emissions etc. The validation has been conducted by comparing experimental data obtained from a Jaguar HCCI/SI V6 GDI engine at the University of Birmingham. This comparison shows good agreement between the simulation results and experimental data.