Mathur, G., Hara, J., Iwasaki, M., and Meguriya, Y., "Development of an Innovative Energy Efficient Compact Cooling System “SLIM”," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1201, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1201.
To improve fuel consumption, hybrid system, turbo-charged engine, and clean diesel engine vehicles have been developed. These new systems require additional heat exchangers which reduces air flow rate within the heat exchangers of an engine cooling module. Consequently, power of cooling fan is increased. CalsonicKansei (CK) has developed a new cooling module “SLIM” (Single Layer Integrated cooling Module). This consists of a current condenser which is air-cooled and a new water-cooled condenser. This water cooled condenser is specifically designed to bring superheated refrigerant vapor to saturated conditions. The water-cooled condenser is located inside of the sub-radiator tank. The operation of the sub-radiator is to provide cooling to charge air cooler (CAC) and to water-cooled condenser. The switch of the operation is done automatically without any valve and any actuator. By using SLIM, the layout space and the weight of the cooling module in front of vehicle are saved by about 40% with an improved fuel mileage of 3-5%. Effective cooling is used for charge air cooler that reduces its volume by 30% over the base case system.