Teng, H., "A Model-Based Analysis on Size Distribution and Rate of Evaporation for Fuel Drops in a Gasoline Spray in the Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1264, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1264.
Good understanding of fuel sprays in the engine cylinder is crucial to optimizing the operation of direct injection gasoline engines. In this paper, a detailed analysis is conducted on direct gasoline injection sprays from a multi-hole injector. Penetrations and angles of the sprays are characterized with a homogeneous model for the fuel spray. The drop size distributions in the sprays are analyzed using an empirical distribution model. Predicted spray penetrations, spray angles, and drop size distributions under three different injection pressures are compared with the measurements for injection pressures = 40, 100 and 150 bar and good agreements are observed. Transient evaporation rates are also studied for fuel drops in an environment simulating the cylinder condition during the intake stroke of a direct injection gasoline engine. The predicted evaporation time for fuel drops in the engine cylinder provides useful information on the influence of injection timing on the quality of air-fuel mixing before the start of combustion.