Zegers, R., Aussems, J., Somers, L., Dam, N. et al., "Correlating Flame Location and Ignition Delay in Partially Premixed Combustion," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1579, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1579.
Controlling ignition delay is the key to successfully enable partially premixed combustion in diesel engines. This paper presents experimental results of partially premixed combustion in an optically accessible engine, using primary reference fuels in combination with artificial exhaust gas recirculation. By changing the fuel composition and oxygen concentration, the ignition delay is changed.To determine the position of the flame front, high-speed visualization of OH-chemiluminescence is used, enabling a cycle-resolved analysis of OH formation. A clear correlation is observed between ignition delay and flame location.The mixing of fuel and air during the ignition delay period defines the local equivalence ratio, which is estimated based on a spherical combustion volume for each spray. The corresponding emission measurements using fast-response analyzers of CO, HC and NOX confirm the decrease in local equivalence ratio as a function of ignition delay.Furthermore multiple injection strategies are investigated, applying pilot as well as post injections, in combination with a main injection at constant load. From these results it is concluded that both pilot and post injections result in an increase of unburned hydrocarbon and CO emission and a slight decrease of nitric oxide emissions.