Radwan, M., Elfeky, S., and Abu-Elyazeed, O., "An Investigation on Abnormal Combustion, Emissions and Performance of Novel Jojoba Bio-Gasoline and Its Blends with Gasoline in a Spark-Ignition Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1599, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1599.
The main aim of this work was to study knock, pre-ignition, performance and emissions of an alternative novel jojoba bio-gasoline fuel using a Ricardo E6/MS variable compression ratio spark ignition engine. It was fuelled by different blends of jojoba bio-gasoline and gasoline with an octane of 90. The results gave the effect of equivalence ratio, speed, ignition timing, compression ratio, inlet air pressure and temperature using different blends on detonation, pre-ignition, performance and emissions. The results were correlated to give the designer an access to the tool needed for developing an existing engine or in the design of a new engine.