Arunachalam, P., Shen, M., Tuner, M., Tunestal, P. et al., "Waste Heat Recovery from Multiple Heat Sources in a HD Truck Diesel Engine Using a Rankine Cycle - A Theoretical Evaluation," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1602, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1602.
Few previous publications investigate the possibility of combining multiple waste heat sources in a combustion engine waste heat recovery system. A waste heat recovery system for a HD truck diesel engine is evaluated for utilizing multiple heat sources found in a conventional HD diesel engine. In this type of engine more than 50% of heat energy goes futile. The majority of the heat energy is lost through engine exhaust and cooling devices such as EGRC (Exhaust gas recirculation cooler), CAC (Charge air cooler) and engine cooling. In this paper, the potential of usable heat recuperation from these devices using thermodynamic analysis was studied, and also an effort is made to recuperate most of the available heat energy that would otherwise be lost.A well-known way of recuperating this heat energy is by employing a Rankine cycle circuit with these devices as heat sources (single loop or dual loop), and thus this study is focused on using a Rankine cycle for the heat recovery system. Furthermore, this paper investigates the possibilities and challenges involved in coupling these different sources in a single Rankine cycle and the selection of suitable working fluid for this Rankine cycle. The study shows that with recuperation from these multiple sources it is possible to recover 5-10% of the otherwise wasted heat energy, which results in ~5% power increase.REFPROP was used for studying fluid properties, and the commercial software IPSEpro is used to build and simulate the Rankine cycle.