A transient gas-solid heat transfer model for the 3-D (three-dimensional) coupling components in internal combustion chamber was built. In order to implement this model, a transient heat transfer program based on FEM (finite-element method) was developed, the KIVA3V code was improved, and a KIVA-FEM interface program was developed. A special treatment for the grid generation were designed and utilized. The 3-D transient non-uniform gas temperature field and convective heat transfer coefficient distribution near the combustion chamber wall can be obtained using this heat transfer model. In addition, both steady and transient temperature fields of the 3-D coupling component system of a gasoline engine were calculated and analyzed. The results show that the temporal and spatial non-uniformity of thermal boundary conditions has an important influence on the steady temperature field, transient temperature field and heat flux of the combustion chamber wall.