Doude, M., Molen, G., Brown, W., Hoop, J. et al., "Design of a Series-Parallel Plug-in Hybrid Sedan through Modeling and Simulation," SAE Int. J. Alt. Power. 1(2):438-457, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1768.
EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future is a three-year design competition co-sponsored by General Motors and the Department of Energy. Mississippi State University has designed a plug-in hybrid powertrain for a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu vehicle platform. This vehicle will be capable of 57 miles all-electric range and utility-factor corrected fuel economy of greater than 80 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (mpgge). All modifications are designed without sacrificing any of the vehicle's utility or performance. Advanced modeling, simulation, and Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulation capabilities are being used for rapid control prototyping and vehicle design to ensure success in the following years of the competition.