Howell, R., Routh, M., Childress, T., Pickelsimer, M. et al., "The University of Tennessee's EcoCAR 2 Final Design Report," SAE Int. J. Alt. Power. 1(2):458-475, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1771.
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville's (UTK) EcoCAR 2 team chose to develop a Plug-In Series-Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle that will utilize E-85 fuel. The architecture will be integrated into a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu, donated by General Motors. Throughout the first year of the competition, Tennessee implemented the EcoCAR 2 Vehicle Development Process. The team focused on the development of the supervisory controller through software simulations and Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulations. Simultaneously, packaging studies were performed via Computer Aided Design (CAD) for powertrain components, as well as the development of the energy storage system, and finite-element analysis (FEA) of modified vehicle components.