Barrientos, E., Grigoryan, A., Neal, G., and Shepley, L., "Design, Development and Validation of the 2013 Penn State University E85 Series Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle," SAE Int. J. Alt. Power. 1(2):476-502, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1773.
The Pennsylvania State University Advanced Vehicle Team (PSU AVT) is one of the fifteen (15) participating teams at the EcoCAR 2 “Plugging In to the Future” challenge. The team has worked in the design, development and validation of converting a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu, into an advanced technology hybrid vehicle. The PSU AVT has determined that a Plug-In Series Electric Hybrid architecture best meets the design goals of the EcoCAR 2 competition. The vehicle will utilize a front-wheel drivetrain powered by a Magna E-drive; an Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) based on a naturally aspirated Weber MPE 750 engine, converted for use with E85, coupled to a UQM PowerPhase 75 generator; an Energy Storage System (ESS) based on six A123, 15s3p battery modules; and a Mototron ECM-5554-112-0904 controller as the Master Vehicle Controller (MVC). This paper will present the details of the proposed architecture, including the selection process and validation as well as future engineering considerations in order to implement the design into the vehicle.