Boretti, A. and Stecki, J., "Hydraulic Hybrid Heavy Duty Vehicles - Challenges and Opportunities," SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-2036, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-2036.
The consumption of fossil fuels is one of the largest problems facing humankind. One of the heaviest users of non-renewable energy sources is the transport industry. Tightening worldwide legislation aims to place restrictions on the transport industry to reduce its use of fossil fuels and reduce the levels of pollution being released to the atmosphere. Although several different alternatives to the vehicles only powered by internal combustion engine (ICEs) have been investigated, none have as yet become equally widespread. Alternative research into development of hybrid vehicles was specifically concerned with electric hybrids especially for passenger vehicles. Currently there is a resurgence of interest in the Hybrid Hydraulic Vehicle (HHV) in application to commercial and to a lesser degree to passenger vehicles. This paper gives an overview of hydraulic hybrid technology.