Griggs, S., Iden, S., and Lamm, P., "Energy Optimized Aircraft: What is it and how do we make one?," SAE Int. J. Aerosp. 5(2):415-424, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-2179.
Efforts are underway to develop technologies to create a more Energy Optimized Aircraft (EOA). The question becomes how should one define an Energy Optimized Aircraft and how should energy optimization be measured to determine what is optimal? This paper provides a top level point of view for the goal of an Energy Optimized Aircraft. It outlines how one should approach the design of such an aircraft, the relevant vehicle systems technologies to enable energy optimization for fighter aircraft, and potential aircraft level measurands for determining degrees of goodness associated with incorporating different technologies. The top-to-bottom approach is provided for traceability of technologies being developed to aircraft and mission level goals.