Jamsran, N., Lim, O., and Iida, N., "An Investigation on DME HCCI Engine about Combustion Phase Control using EGR Stratification by Numerical Analysis," SAE Technical Paper 2012-32-0077, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-32-0077.
This work has been investigated the potential of in-cylinder EGR stratification for reducing the pressure rise rate of DME HCCI engines, and the coupling of both thermal stratification and fuel stratification. The numerical analyses were done by using five-zone version of CHEMKIN-II kinetics rate code, and kinetic mechanics for DME. The effects of inert components were used for the presence of EGR in calculation. Three cases of EGR stratification were tested on both thermal stratification and fuel stratification at the fixed initial temperature, pressure and fueling rate at BDC. In order to explore the appropriate stratification of EGR, EGR width was employed from zero to thirty percent. Firstly, EGR homogeneity case which means EGR width zero was examined. Secondly, EGR is located densely in hotter zone for combining with thermal stratification or in richer zone for a combination with fuel stratification. Lastly, the case was judged inversely with the second case. Among the cases, the EGR stratification performed in this work was showed that the ringing can be reduced to an acceptable level by the use of a fuel stratification with proper EGR distribution to slow down the rapid burning in a compression stroke.