Since its introduction at INPE, in the late 1960s, Systems Engineering has passed through phases of greater and lesser importance. Three different phases are clearly recognized. The first two phases are closely associated with efforts to develop space systems. The third and present phase is associated to the recent growth in the importance of Systems Engineering to the development of the contemporary large and complex systems. This paper is a summary review of the history of Systems Engineering at INPE from its inception to the present.