Na, S., Park, H., Kim, C., and Park, Y., "Development of DC Motor Driven 3 Way Valve for FCEV," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-0127, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-0127.
Fuel cell vehicle is loaded with translating equipment, which converts chemical energy to electrical energy. The equipment has maximum power efficiency at a specific temperature when several operating conditions are met. To control the coolant temperature, the existing system uses a wax-type thermostat, which operates as the wax elements contracts and expands. However, there are several problems with the wax-type thermostat; it is impossible to measure real-time temperature and high pressure drop. To mitigate these problems, we developed a DC motor-driven 3-way valve that can control real-time temperature and low pressure drop. Application of the 3-way valve will improve fuel cell vehicle power and fuel efficiency.