Steffke, K., Spigno, C., and Bezzina, C., "Li-ion Air-Cooled Battery System Interactions With the Vehicle HVAC System," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-0242, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-0242.
The performance of a High Voltage (HV) battery in an advanced propulsion application is often highly dependent on the customer controlled climate settings of the vehicle system. Cooling of the battery requires an understanding of the environment in which it is expected to operate. Results from testing on various air-cooled systems will be discussed to portray the interactions of the battery system design and the climate control system design. The following topics (in relation to battery cooling) will be discussed: climate control system temperature settings; climate-control system fan settings; climate control system recirculation mode and outside air mode settings; venting of the battery thermal system exhaust air; and the battery location and mounting.