Pietron, G., Fujii, Y., Kucharski, J., Yanakiev, D. et al., "Development of Magneto-Elastic Torque Sensor for Automatic Transmission Applications," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 6(2):529-534, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-0301.
Progress in the design and application of the magneto-elastic torque sensor to automotive drivetrain systems has taken the technology from the concept level to the point where it is considered production feasible. The latest generation of the sensors shows promising results regarding both the capabilities and applications to powertrain controls. Sensor designs, electronics and packaging layout are maturing. Well-defined component specifications and requirements are becoming available. The sensor utilities for real-time shift analysis and friction element control are established through vehicle-level investigation to demonstrate the production feasibility of the technology for transmission torque sensing.