Yang, X., "Impact of Driver's Steer Control on Truck-Trailer Combination when Negotiating NATO Double Lane Change Maneuver," SAE Int. J. Commer. Veh. 6(1):16-23, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-0404.
In this study, a closed-loop driver-truck-trailer system model is established with ADAMS/Car. A double lane change maneuver (DLCM) path boundary is set up based on the NATO AVTP 03-160W requirement. The best driver preview path at a given speed to pass the DLCM is derived from optimization of the closed-loop driver-vehicle-road system, where the objective is to successfully pass the DLCM at the given forward speed. This must be done without violating the maneuver boundary, lifting any tires off the ground, as well as staying within the Driver's steering effort limit. Depending upon the Driver's control strategy, which is reflected by the formulation of the optimal objective, the dynamic responses of the truck-trailer combination will vary. Two extreme conditions are discussed in this study: full and no consideration of trailer, respectively, when negotiating the DLCM. The vehicle responses and Driver's preview paths under these two conditions are further compared to demonstrate the impact of Driver's skills and lane change control strategy on DLCM.