McGehee, J. and Yoon, H., "An Optimal Powertrain Control Strategy for a Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-0482, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-0482.
As a viable alternative to the conventional hybrid electric vehicles, so called “mild” hybrid drivetrains are currently being implemented in production vehicles. These mild hybrid electric vehicles use an Integrated Starter Generator (ISG) to simply assist the internal combustion (IC) engine rather than drive the vehicle independently of the IC engine. Some of the production mild hybrid vehicles have been shown to achieve over a10 % increase in fuel efficiency with minimal additional costs. In this paper, we present a lookup table-based control scheme for the optimal control of the ISG and the IC engine on a mild hybrid vehicle. The developed control logic is implemented in Matlab/Simulink along with a mild hybrid vehicle model, which is based on an EPA light-duty vehicle model. The simulation results show that the optimally controlled mild hybrid vehicle has better fuel efficiency with comparable drivability when compared to a simple intuitive rule-based control strategy.