Kuthada, T., "A Review of Some Cooling Air Flow Measurement Techniques for Model Scale, Full Scale and CFD," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 6(1):88-96, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-0598.
Each component of a drive train generates waste heat due to its limited efficiency. This waste heat is usually released to an air flow guided through one or more heat exchangers. So, the realized cooling air volume flow is one important characteristic value during the vehicle development process.This paper presents some of the available techniques for the measurement of cooling air volume flow in the vehicle during the different stages of an aerodynamic development process in model scale and full scale. Additionally, it provides suggestions when comparing these experimental values to CFD results.