Rao, S., Salaani, M., Heydinger, G., Guenther, D. et al., "Validation of Real Time Hardware in the Loop Simulation for ESC Testing with a 6×4 Tractor and Trailer Models," SAE Int. J. Commer. Veh. 6(1):118-134, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-0692.
The tractor trailer models discussed in this paper were for a real-time hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation to test heavy truck electronic stability control (ESC) systems . The accuracy of the simulation results relies on the fidelity and accuracy of the vehicle parameters used. However in this case where hardware components are part of the simulation, their accuracy also affects the proper working of the simulation and ESC unit. Hence both the software and hardware components have to be validated.The validation process discussed in this paper is divided into two sections. The first section deals with the validation of the TruckSim vehicle model, where experimental data is compared with simulation results from TruckSim. Once the vehicle models are validated, they are incorporated in the HIL simulation and the second section discusses the validation of the whole HIL system with ESC.It is shown that the HIL simulation is able to predict the vehicle responses with a high degree of correlation even for limit dynamic maneuvers. This gives us confidence that the HIL simulations can be used to perform further, more severe tests which are not possible in the real world.