Chen, K., Johnson, J., Merati, P., and Davis, C., "Numerical Investigation of Buoyancy-Driven Flow in a Simplified Underhood with Open Enclosure," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 6(2):805-816, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-0842.
Numerical results are presented for simulating buoyancy driven flow in a simplified full-scale underhood with open enclosure in automobile. The flow condition is set up in such a way that it mimics the underhood soak condition, when the vehicle is parked in a windbreak with power shut-down after enduring high thermal loads due to performing a sequence of operating conditions, such as highway driving and trailer-grade loads in a hot ambient environment. The experimental underhood geometry, although simplified, consists of the essential components in a typical automobile underhood undergoing the buoyancy-driven flow condition. It includes an open enclosure which has openings to the surrounding environment from the ground and through the top hood gap, an engine block and two exhaust cylinders mounted along the sides of the engine block. The calculated temperature and velocity were compared with the measured data at different locations near and away from the hot exhaust plumes. The numerical predictions reveal a complex flow structure under the buoyancy condition, and the results show very favorable comparisons with the experimental velocity and temperature measurements.