Wang, M. and Hu, H., "Fusion Welding of Vacuum High Pressure Die Cast Aluminum Alloy A356 and Wrought Alloy 6061," SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 6(2):299-303, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1026.
Recently, joining of cast aluminum components with wrought and/or cast similar metals becomes an urgent task for the auto industry to develop light-weight complex and large-scale chassis and body structures for further reduction in vehicle weight. In this study, fusion-joining of vacuum high pressure die cast (VHPDC) alloy A356 subjected to T5 heat treatment and wrought alloy 6061 with the Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW-MIG) process was experimented in an effort to understand the effect of the MIG process on the microstructure development and tensile behaviors of the base alloys (T5 A356 and 6061), Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) and Fusion Zone (filler metal ER4043). The results of tensile testing indicated that the ultimate tensile strength (UTS), yield strength (YS) and elongation (Ef) of VHPDC T5 A356 were relatively high, compared to both wrought alloy 6061 and the filler metal (ER 4043). The microstructure analysis showed that the improvement in the tensile properties of T5 A356 should be mainly attributed to the minimized porosity content, the presence of strengthening intermetallic phases and fine grain structure, which resulted from the combined effects of the applied manufacturing processes, i.e., the VHPDC, T5 heat treatment and MIG welding.