Sustainable development is a very complex concept involving several inter-related issues and concerns. Globalization has given a new dimension to social, economic and environmental development associated with the perceived responsibilities and growth indicators. Both developing and developed countries have the opportunities to exploit comparative advantages in the changing economic, social and environmental scenario while targeting sustainable growth together with expansion of the business prospects. Every region perceives these opportunities with different notion.There is a plethora of indicators for assessing sustainability. However, assessment criteria, prioritization and trade off for a given sustainability parameter against the other could be very complex while evolving transport growth model in emerging economies.The paper intends to deliberate the various yard sticks to evolve sustainable development of transport sector, highlighting issues and concerns in the developing countries. The attributes that contributed in the past, for transportation growth and the future challenges viz. automotive growth in India, energy demand, fuel efficiency norms, technology options, alternate fuels and alternate energy (electric mobility) will be dealt with the case studies. The control measures and the way forward in achieving the targeted sustainable growth for the developing countries will be recommended.