Krishna, A., Mallikarjuna, J., Davinder, K., and Ramachandra Babu, Y., "In-Cylinder Flow Analysis in a Two-Stroke Engine - A Comparison of Different Turbulence Models Using CFD," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-1085, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1085.
This paper deals with in-cylinder flow field analysis in a motored two-stroke engine by CFD technique using STAR-CD. The main aim of this study is to find out the best turbulence model which predicts the fluid flow field inside the cylinder of a two-stroke engine. In this study, a single-cylinder, two-stroke engine which is very commonly used for two-wheeler application in India is considered. Entire analysis is done at an engine speed of 1500 rev/min. under motoring conditions. Here, three commonly used turbulence models viz. standard k-ε, Chen k-ε and RNG k-ε are considered. In addition, experiments were also conducted on the above engine at the motoring conditions to measure velocity vectors of in-cylinder flow fields using particle image velocimetry (PIV). The results of PIV were also used for validating the CFD predictions. For analyzing and comparison of the results, turbulent kinetic energy (TKE), tumble ratio (TR) and, axial and radial velocities at known locations inside the engine cylinder were considered. From the analysis of results, it is found that RNG k-ε turbulence model best predicts the in-cylinder flow fields in a two-stroke engine.