Grover, Jr., R. and Cleary, D., "Correlating Measured Combustion Performance with CFD Predicted In-Cylinder Flows for a Spark-Ignition Direct-Injection (SIDI) Engine with Enhanced Charge Motion," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-1090, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1090.
A numerical and corresponding experimental study was undertaken to identify the ability to accurately predict combustion performance using our 3-D numerical tools for a direct-injection homogeneous-charge engine. To achieve a significant range of combustion rates, the evaluation was conducted for the engine operating with and without enhanced charge motion. Five charge motion configurations were examined, each having different levels of swirl and tumble flow leading to different turbulence generation and decay characteristics. A detailed CFD analysis provides insight into the in-cylinder flow requirements as well as the accuracy of the submodels. The in-cylinder air-fuel distribution, the mass-averaged swirl and tumble levels along with mean flow and turbulent kinetic energies are calculated throughout the induction and compression processes. These detailed flow parameters are compared to the measured combustion data and correlations between the calculated and measured results are explored. These data demonstrate that enhancing large-scale forward-tumble flows provides a significant advantage over enhancing swirl or side-tumble flows. The correlations generated also serve as a benchmark to improve our analytical capability through identifying model limitations and focus areas for further development.